The Gallipoli campaign

Why did 10,586 ANZAC’s perish on this remote European peninsula…?

The Gallipoli peninsula is strategically important only because it commands the Dardanelles, the narrow straits that separate Europe from Asia and control access to the Black Sea. At their head stands Constantinople (today’s Istanbul), the ancient capital that has tempted invading armies since it was founded in 600BC. By 1914 the Dardanelles had been fought over for thousands of years, and when Turkey joined the First World War on Germany’s side, the Allies set their sights on the straits.

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